Bible Society of South Africa

To The Word – Day 138

1 Chronicles 6–10, Psalm 27

Bible text(s)

The Family Line of the High Priests

1Levi had three sons: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

2Kohath had four sons: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel.

3Amram had two sons, Aaron and Moses, and one daughter, Miriam.

Aaron had four sons: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

4The descendants of Eleazar from generation to generation are as follows: Phinehas, Abishua, 5Bukki, Uzzi, 6Zerahiah, Meraioth, 7Amariah, Ahitub, 8Zadok, Ahimaaz, 9Azariah, Johanan, 10Azariah (the one who served in the Temple which King Solomon built in Jerusalem), 11Amariah, Ahitub, 12Zadok, Shallum, 13Hilkiah, Azariah, 14Seraiah, Jehozadak. 15King Nebuchadnezzar deported Jehozadak along with the other people of Judah and Jerusalem whom the LORD sent into exile.

Other Descendants of Levi

16Levi had three sons: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 17Each of them also had sons. Gershon was the father of Libni and Shimei; 18Kohath was the father of Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel; 19and Merari was the father of Mahli and Mushi.

20These are the descendants of Gershon from generation to generation: Libni, Jahath, Zimmah, 21Joah, Iddo, Zerah, Jeatherai.

22These are the descendants of Kohath from generation to generation: Amminadab, Korah, Assir, 23Elkanah, Ebiasaph, Assir, 24Tahath, Uriel, Uzziah, Shaul.

25Elkanah had two sons, Amasai and Ahimoth. 26These are Ahimoth's descendants from generation to generation: Elkanah, Zophai, Nahath, 27Eliab, Jeroham, Elkanah.

28Samuel had two sons: Joel, the elder, and Abijah, the younger.

29These are the descendants of Merari from generation to generation: Mahli, Libni, Shimei, Uzzah, 30Shimea, Haggiah, Asaiah.

The Temple Musicians

31These are the men whom King David put in charge of the music at the place of worship in Jerusalem after the Covenant Box was moved there. 32They took regular turns of duty at the Tent of the LORD's presence during the time before King Solomon built the Temple. 33The family lines of those who held this office are as follows:

The clan of Kohath: Heman, the leader of the first choir, was the son of Joel. His family line went back to Jacob as follows: Heman, Joel, Samuel, 34Elkanah, Jeroham, Eliel, Toah, 35Zuph, Elkanah, Mahath, Amasai, 36Elkanah, Joel, Azariah, Zephaniah, 37Tahath, Assir, Ebiasaph, Korah, 38Izhar, Kohath, Levi, Jacob.

39Asaph was leader of the second choir. His family line went back to Levi as follows: Asaph, Berechiah, Shimea, 40Michael, Baaseiah, Malchijah, 41Ethni, Zerah, Adaiah, 42Ethan, Zimmah, Shimei, 43Jahath, Gershon, Levi.

44Ethan of the clan of Merari was the leader of the third choir. His family line went back to Levi as follows: Ethan, Kishi, Abdi, Malluch, 45Hashabiah, Amaziah, Hilkiah, 46Amzi, Bani, Shemer, 47Mahli, Mushi, Merari, Levi.

48The other Levites were assigned all the other duties at the place of worship.

The Descendants of Aaron

49Aaron and his descendants presented the offerings of incense and offered the sacrifices that were burnt on the altar. They were responsible for all the worship in the Most Holy Place and for the sacrifices by which God forgives Israel's sins. They did all this in accordance with the instructions given by Moses, God's servant. 50This is the line of Aaron's descendants: Eleazar, Phinehas, Abishua, 51Bukki, Uzzi, Zerahiah, 52Meraioth, Amariah, Ahitub, 53Zadok, Ahimaaz.

Where the Levites Lived

54This is the territory assigned to the descendants of Aaron of the clan of Kohath. They received the first share of the land assigned to the Levites. 55This included Hebron in the territory of Judah and the pasture lands round it. 56The fields and villages, however, that belonged to the city were assigned to Caleb son of Jephunneh. 57-59The following towns were assigned to Aaron's descendants: Hebron, a city of refuge, Jattir, and the towns of Libnah, Eshtemoa, Hilen, Debir, Ashan, and Beth Shemesh, with their pasture lands. 60In the territory of Benjamin they were assigned the following towns with their pasture lands: Geba, Alemeth, and Anathoth. This made a total of thirteen towns for all their families to live in. 61Ten towns in the territory of West Manasseh were assigned by lot to the rest of the clan of Kohath, family by family.

62To the clan of Gershon, family by family, were assigned thirteen towns in the territories of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and East Manasseh in Bashan. 63In the same way, twelve towns in the territories of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun were assigned to the clan of Merari, family by family. 64In this way the people of Israel assigned towns for the Levites to live in, together with the pasture lands round the towns. 65(The towns in the territories of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin, mentioned above, were also assigned by drawing lots.)

66Some of the families of the clan of Kohath were assigned towns and pasture lands in the territory of Ephraim: 67Shechem, the city of refuge in the hills of Ephraim, Gezer, 68Jokmeam, Beth Horon, 69Aijalon, and Gath Rimmon. 70In the territory of West Manasseh they were assigned the towns of Aner and Bileam with the surrounding pasture lands.

71The families of the clan of Gershon were assigned the following towns, with the surrounding pasture lands:

In the territory of East Manasseh: Golan in Bashan, and Ashtaroth.

72In the territory of Issachar: Kedesh, Daberath, 73Ramoth, and Anem.

74In the territory of Asher: Mashal, Abdon, 75Hukok, and Rehob.

76In the territory of Naphtali: Kedesh in Galilee, Hammon, and Kiriathaim.

77The remaining families of the clan of Merari were assigned the following towns with the surrounding pasture lands:

In the territory of Zebulun: Rimmono and Tabor.

78In the territory of Reuben, east of the River Jordan beyond Jericho: Bezer on the plateau, Jahzah, 79Kedemoth, and Mephaath.

80In the territory of Gad: Ramoth in Gilead, Mahanaim, 81Heshbon, and Jazer.

1 Chronicles 6GNBOpen in Bible reader

The Descendants of Issachar

1Issachar had four sons: Tola, Puah, Jashub, and Shimron.

2Tola had six sons: Uzzi, Rephaiah, Jeriel, Jahmai, Ibsam, and Shemuel. They were heads of families of the clan of Tola and were famous soldiers. At the time of King David their descendants numbered 22,600.

3Uzzi had one son, Izrahiah. Izrahiah and his four sons, Michael, Obadiah, Joel, and Isshiah, were all heads of families. 4They had so many wives and children that their descendants were able to provide 36,000 men for military service.

5The official records of all the families of the tribe of Issachar listed 87,000 men eligible for military service.

The Descendants of Benjamin and Dan

6Benjamin had three sons: Bela, Becher, and Jediael.

7Bela had five sons: Ezbon, Uzzi, Uzziel, Jerimoth, and Iri. They were heads of families in the clan and were all famous soldiers. Their descendants included 22,034 men eligible for military service.

8Becher had nine sons: Zemirah, Joash, Eliezer, Elioenai, Omri, Jeremoth, Abijah, Anathoth, and Alemeth. 9The official record of their descendants by families listed 20,200 men eligible for military service.

10Jediael had one son, Bilhan, and Bilhan had seven sons: Jeush, Benjamin, Ehud, Chenaanah, Zethan, Tarshish, and Ahishahar. 11They were heads of families in the clan and were all famous soldiers. Their descendants included 17,200 men eligible for military service. 12Shuppim and Huppim also belonged to this tribe.

Dan had one son, Hushim.

The Descendants of Naphtali

13Naphtali had four sons: Jahziel, Guni, Jezer, and Shallum. (They were descendants of Bilhah.)

The Descendants of Manasseh

14By his Aramean concubine, Manasseh had two sons, Asriel and Machir. Machir was the father of Gilead. 15Machir found a wife for Huppim and one for Shuppim. His sister's name was Maacah. Machir's second son was Zelophehad, and he had only daughters.

16Maacah, Machir's wife, gave birth to two sons, whom they named Peresh and Sheresh. Peresh had two sons, Ulam and Rakem, 17and Ulam had a son named Bedan. These are all descendants of Gilead, the son of Machir and grandson of Manasseh.

18Gilead's sister Hammolecheth had three sons: Ishod, Abiezer, and Mahlah. 19(Shemida had four sons: Ahian, Shechem, Likhi, and Aniam.)

The Descendants of Ephraim

20These are the descendants of Ephraim from generation to generation: Shuthelah, Bered, Tahath, Eleadah, Tahath, 21Zabad, Shuthelah. Ephraim had two other sons besides Shuthelah: Ezer and Elead, who were killed when they tried to steal the livestock belonging to the native inhabitants of Gath. 22Their father Ephraim mourned for them for many days, and his relatives came to comfort him. 23Then he had intercourse with his wife again, and she became pregnant and had a son. They named him Beriah, because of the trouble that had come to their family.

24Ephraim had a daughter named Sheerah. She built the towns of Upper and Lower Beth Horon, and Uzzen Sheerah.

25Ephraim also had a son named Rephah, whose descendants were as follows: Resheph, Telah, Tahan, 26Ladan, Ammihud, Elishama, 27Nun, Joshua.

28The territory which they took and settled in included Bethel and the towns round it, as far east as Naaran and as far west as Gezer and the towns round it. It also included the cities of Shechem and Ayyah, and the towns round them.

29The descendants of Manasseh controlled the cities of Beth Shan, Taanach, Megiddo, and Dor, and the towns round them.

All these are the places where the descendants of Joseph son of Jacob lived.

The Descendants of Asher

30These are the descendants of Asher. He had four sons: Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, and Beriah; and one daughter, Serah.

31Beriah had two sons, Heber and Malchiel. (Malchiel founded the city of Birzaith.)

32Heber had three sons: Japhlet, Shomer, and Hotham; and one daughter, Shua.

33Japhlet also had three sons: Pasach, Bimhal, and Ashvath.

34His brother Shomer had three sons: Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram.

35His brother Hotham had four sons: Zophah, Imna, Shelesh, and Amal.

36The descendants of Zophah were Suah, Harnepher, Shual, Beri, Imrah, 37Bezer, Hod, Shamma, Shilshah, Ithran, and Beera.

38The descendants of Jether were Jephunneh, Pispa, and Ara, 39and the descendants of Ulla were Arah, Hanniel, and Rizia.

40All these were descendants of Asher. They were heads of families, famous fighting men, outstanding leaders. Asher's descendants included 26,000 men eligible for military service.

1 Chronicles 7GNBOpen in Bible reader

The Descendants of Benjamin

1Benjamin had five sons. In order of age they were Bela, Ashbel, Aharah, 2Nohah, and Rapha.

3The descendants of Bela were Addar, Gera, Abihud, 4Abishua, Naaman, Ahoah, 5Gera, Shephuphan, and Huram.

6-7The descendants of Ehud were Naaman, Ahijah, and Gera. They were heads of families that lived in Geba, but which were forced out and went to live in Manahath. Gera, the father of Uzza and Ahihud, led them in this move.

8-9Shaharaim divorced two wives, Hushim and Baara. Later, when he lived in the country of Moab, he married Hodesh and had seven sons: Jobab, Zibia, Mesha, Malcam, 10Jeuz, Sachia, and Mirmah. His sons all became heads of families.

11He also had two sons by Hushim: Abitub and Elpaal.

12Elpaal had three sons: Eber, Misham, and Shemed. It was Shemed who built the cities of Ono and Lod and the surrounding villages.

The Benjaminites in Gath and Aijalon

13Beriah and Shema were heads of families that settled in the city of Aijalon and drove out the people who lived in the city of Gath. 14Beriah's descendants included Ahio, Shashak, Jeremoth, 15Zebadiah, Arad, Eder, 16Michael, Ishpah, and Joha.

The Benjaminites in Jerusalem

17Elpaal's descendants included Zebadiah, Meshullam, Hizki, Heber, 18Ishmerai, Izliah, and Jobab.

19Shimei's descendants included Jakim, Zichri, Zabdi, 20Elienai, Zillethai, Eliel, 21Adaiah, Beraiah, and Shimrath.

22Shashak's descendants included Ishpan, Eber, Eliel, 23Abdon, Zichri, Hanan, 24Hananiah, Elam, Anthothijah, 25Iphdeiah, and Penuel.

26Jeroham's descendants included Shamsherai, Shehariah, Athaliah, 27Jaareshiah, Elijah, and Zichri.

28These were the ancestral heads of families and their principal descendants who lived in Jerusalem.

The Benjaminites in Gibeon and Jerusalem

29Jeiel founded the city of Gibeon and settled there. His wife was named Maacah, 30and his eldest son, Abdon. His other sons were Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab, 31Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah, 32and Mikloth, the father of Shimeah. Their descendants lived in Jerusalem near other families of their clan.

The Family of King Saul

33Ner was the father of Kish, and Kish was the father of King Saul. Saul had four sons: Jonathan, Malchishua, Abinadab, and Eshbaal. 34Jonathan was the father of Meribbaal, who was the father of Micah.

35Micah had four sons: Pithon, Melech, Tarea, and Ahaz. 36Ahaz was the father of Jehoaddah, who was the father of three sons: Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri. Zimri was the father of Moza, 37Moza the father of Binea, Binea of Raphah, Raphah of Eleasah, and Eleasah of Azel.

38Azel had six sons: Azrikam, Bocheru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. 39Azel's brother Eshek had three sons: Ulam, Jeush, and Eliphelet.

40Ulam's sons were outstanding soldiers and archers. He had 150 sons and grandsons in all. All those named above were members of the tribe of Benjamin.

1 Chronicles 8GNBOpen in Bible reader

The People who Returned from Captivity

1All the people of Israel were listed according to their families, and this information was recorded in The Book of the Kings of Israel.

The people of Judah had been deported to Babylon as punishment for their sins. 2The first to return to their property in the cities included Israelite citizens, priests, Levites, and temple workers. 3People from the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh went to live in Jerusalem.

4-6There were 690 families of the tribe of Judah who lived in Jerusalem.

The descendants of Judah's son Perez had as their leader Uthai, the son of Ammihud and grandson of Omri. His other ancestors included Imri and Bani.

The descendants of Judah's son Shelah had as their leader Asaiah, who was the head of his family.

The descendants of Judah's son Zerah had Jeuel as their leader.

7-8The following members of the tribe of Benjamin lived in Jerusalem:

    Sallu son of Meshullam, who was the son of Hodaviah, the son of Hassenuah
    Ibneiah son of Jeroham
    Elah, the son of Uzzi and grandson of Michri
    Meshullam son of Shephatiah, who was the son of Reuel, the son of Ibnijah.

9There were 956 families of this tribe living there. All the men named above were heads of families.

The Priests who Lived in Jerusalem

10-12The following priests lived in Jerusalem:

    Jedaiah, Jehoiarib, and Jachin
    Azariah son of Hilkiah (the chief official in the Temple), whose ancestors included Meshullam, Zadok, Meraioth, and Ahitub
    Adaiah son of Jeroham, whose ancestors included Pashhur and Malchijah
    Maasai son of Adiel, whose ancestors included Jahzerah, Meshullam, Meshillemith, and Immer.

13The priests who were heads of families totalled 1,760. They were experts in all the work carried on in the Temple.

The Levites who Lived in Jerusalem

14-16The following Levites lived in Jerusalem:

    Shemaiah son of Hasshub, whose ancestors included Azrikam and Hashabiah, of the clan of Merari
    Bakbakkar, Heresh, and Galal
    Mattaniah son of Mica, whose ancestors included Zichri and Asaph
    Obadiah son of Shemaiah, whose ancestors included Galal and Jeduthun
    Berechiah, the son of Asa and grandson of Elkanah, who lived in the territory that belonged to the town of Netophah.

The Temple Guards who Lived in Jerusalem

17The following temple guards lived in Jerusalem: Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, and Ahiman. Shallum was their leader. 18Down to that time members of their clans had been stationed at the eastern entrance to the King's Gate. Formerly they had stood guard at the gates to the camps of the Levites.

19Shallum, the son of Kore and grandson of Ebiasaph, together with his fellow-members of the clan of Korah, was responsible for guarding the entrance to the Tent of the LORD's presence, just as their ancestors had been when they were in charge of the LORD's camp. 20Phinehas son of Eleazar — may the LORD be with him! — had supervised them at one time.

21Zechariah son of Meshelemiah was also a guard at the entrance to the Tent of the LORD's presence.

22In all, 212 men were chosen as guards for the entrances and gates. They were registered according to the villages where they lived. It was King David and the prophet Samuel who had put their ancestors in these responsible positions. 23They and their descendants continued to guard the gates to the Temple. 24There was a gate facing in each direction, north, south, east, and west, and each had a chief guard. 25These guards were assisted by their relatives, who lived in the villages and who had to take turns at guard duty for seven days at a time. 26The four chief guards were Levites and had the final responsibility. They were also responsible for the rooms in the Temple and for the supplies kept there. 27They lived near the Temple, because it was their duty to guard it and to open the gates every morning.

The Other Levites

28Other Levites were responsible for the utensils used in worship. They checked them out and checked them back in every time they were used. 29Others were in charge of the other sacred equipment, and of the flour, wine, olive oil, incense, and spices. 30But the responsibility for mixing the spices belonged to the priests.

31A Levite named Mattithiah, eldest son of Shallum, of the clan of Korah, was responsible for preparing the baked offerings. 32Members of the clan of Kohath were responsible for preparing the sacred bread for the Temple every Sabbath.

33Some Levite families were responsible for the temple music. The heads of these families lived in some of the temple buildings and were free from other duties, because they were on call day and night.

34The men named above were heads of Levite families, according to their ancestral lines. They were the leaders who lived in Jerusalem.

The Ancestors and Descendants of King Saul

(1 Chr 8.29–38)

35Jeiel founded the city of Gibeon and settled there. His wife was named Maacah. 36His eldest son was Abdon, and his other sons were Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab, 37Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah, and Mikloth, 38the father of Shimeah. Their descendants lived in Jerusalem near other families of their clan.

39Ner was the father of Kish, and Kish was the father of Saul. Saul had four sons: Jonathan, Malchishua, Abinadab, and Eshbaal. 40Jonathan was the father of Meribbaal, who was the father of Micah. 41Micah had four sons: Pithon, Melech, Tarea, and Ahaz. 42Ahaz was the father of Jarah, who was the father of three sons: Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri. Zimri was the father of Moza, 43Moza the father of Binea, Binea of Rephaiah, Rephaiah of Eleasah, and Eleasah of Azel.

44Azel had six sons: Azrikam, Bocheru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan.

1 Chronicles 9GNBOpen in Bible reader

The Death of King Saul

(1 Sam 31.1–13)

1The Philistines fought a battle against the Israelites on Mount Gilboa. Many Israelites were killed there, and the rest of them, including King Saul and his sons, fled. 2But the Philistines caught up with them and killed three of Saul's sons, Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua. 3The fighting was heavy round Saul, and he was hit by enemy arrows and badly wounded. 4He said to the young man carrying his weapons, “Draw your sword and kill me, to keep these godless Philistines from gloating over me.” But the young man was too terrified to do it. So Saul took his own sword and threw himself on it. 5The young man saw that Saul was dead, so he too threw himself on his sword and died. 6So Saul and his three sons all died together and none of his descendants ever ruled. 7When the Israelites who lived in the Valley of Jezreel heard that the army had fled and that Saul and his sons had died, they abandoned their towns and ran off. Then the Philistines came and occupied them.

8The day after the battle, the Philistines went to plunder the corpses, and they found the bodies of Saul and his sons lying on Mount Gilboa. 9They cut off Saul's head, stripped off his armour, and sent messengers with them throughout Philistia to tell the good news to their idols and to their people. 10They put his weapons in one of their temples and hung his head in the temple of their god Dagon. 11When the people of Jabesh in Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, 12the bravest men went and fetched the bodies of Saul and his sons and took them to Jabesh. They buried them there under an oak and fasted for seven days.

13Saul died because he was unfaithful to the LORD. He disobeyed the LORD's commands; he tried to find guidance by consulting the spirits of the dead 14instead of consulting the LORD. So the LORD killed him and gave control of the kingdom to David son of Jesse.

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A Prayer of Praise

1The LORD is my light and my salvation;

I will fear no one.

The LORD protects me from all danger;

I will never be afraid.

2When evil people attack me and try to kill me,

they stumble and fall.

3Even if a whole army surrounds me,

I will not be afraid;

even if enemies attack me,

I will still trust God.

4I have asked the LORD for one thing;

one thing only do I want:

to live in the LORD's house all my life,

to marvel there at his goodness,

and to ask for his guidance.

5In times of trouble he will shelter me;

he will keep me safe in his Temple

and make me secure on a high rock.

6So I will triumph over my enemies around me.

With shouts of joy I will offer sacrifices in his Temple;

I will sing, I will praise the LORD.

7Hear me, LORD, when I call to you!

Be merciful and answer me!

8When you said, “Come and worship me,”

I answered, “I will come, LORD;

9don't hide yourself from me!”

Don't be angry with me;

don't turn your servant away.

You have been my help;

don't leave me, don't abandon me,

O God, my saviour.

10My father and mother may abandon me,

but the LORD will take care of me.

11Teach me, LORD, what you want me to do,

and lead me along a safe path,

because I have many enemies.

12Don't abandon me to my enemies,

who attack me with lies and threats.

13I know that I will live to see

the LORD's goodness in this present life.

14Trust in the LORD.

Have faith, do not despair.

Trust in the LORD.

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